Vertigo is best characterized by a spinning sensation, dizziness, & disorientation which is sometimes also accompanied by nausea, vomiting, & migraine headaches.Vertigo isn’t a condition in itself, rather a symptom of some or more underlying illnesses. Most times, Vertigo results because of a problem with the inner ear, brain, &/or sensory nerves. The inner ear houses the body’s vestibular system, which is responsible for maintaining balance & orientation. The vestibular system is a carefully created network of the eyes, ears, & sensory nerves that help us maintain our position in space while sitting, walking, or standing. Find what is the best medicine for vertigo.
In case there is a problem with the system, the body is unable to maintain balance, & confusing signal exchange between the inner ear & the brain leads to the person experiencing dizziness.
In some cases, vertigo symptoms can resemble those of motion sickness, hence, it is important to get yourself diagnosed by some expert Vertigo doctors to arrive at the right diagnosis.
Although Vertigo can occur at any age, it is usually more prominent in middle aged adults.
Vertigo can also be short term or long lasting. In some cases, like during pregnancy, Vertigo is short term & can be cured with certain home remedies, vertigo medicines, & stress management techniques. Vertigo can also occur as a symptom of an inner ear infection; labyrinthitis &Meniere ’s disease are some examples of the same. Most people with a height phobia report feeling Vertigo symptoms when they look down from a certain height, however, they might not necessarily be suffering from Vertigo as well.
Vertigo can present itself in a variety of ways, however there are certain symptoms that are common throughout the patient demographic that experiences it.
These most commonly seen & reported Vertigo symptoms are:
- Problems maintaining balance, posture, & gait
- Feeling lightheaded
- A certain feeling or sense of motion sickness
- Nausea & vomiting
- A ringing or buzzing sound in the ears, also called tinnitus
- A feeling of pressure or fullness in the ear
- Headaches that are sometimes of migraine intensity
- Nystagmus, which is an abnormal movement of the eyes in response to external stimulation
These symptoms of Vertigo can occur one at a time, or several at a time. They can also be short-term in nature, or long-lasting. Sometimes, Vertigo symptoms can disappear some time after occuring, & at some other times, they can stay for a long time & might require medicine for Vertigo & Vestibular therapy to treat.
A lot of conditions can cause Vertigo, the major ones are those that cause a problem or imbalance with the inner ear, or an issue with the body’s central nervous system(CNS).
Health conditions that can & have been known to cause Vertigo include:
- Labyrinthitis: The labyrinth is an organ in the inner ear that houses the vestibulocochlear nerve. Labyrinthitis is an infection of the inner ear that causes inflammation in this nerve, leading to issues with exchanging signals with the brain.
The Vestibular nerve is responsible for sharing information about head motion, position, & sound with the brain, thus helping the body stay in balance.
A patient suffering from labyrinthitis might experience dizziness, along with hearing loss, tinnitus, headaches, pain in the ear, & changes in the vision.
- Vestibular Neuritis: As the name suggests, Vestibular Neuritis is an infection of the vestibular nerve in the inner ear. Although it is similar to labyrinthitis, it is different in that it doesn’t usually cause any hearing loss to the patient, or affects the hearing in any way. Vestibular Neuritis patients experience Vertigo symptoms along with dizziness, blurred vision, severe nausea, & a feeling of being disoriented.
- Cholesteatoma: Cholesteatoma is a non-cancerous growth inside the middle ear, usually due to repeated infections. It grows behind the eardrum, & in the process, can destroy the bony structures in the middle ear. When this happens, the patient experiences hearing loss & dizziness.
- Meniere’s Disease: Meniere’s Disease is an inner ear disease that leads to a buildup of pressure inside the ears, & also causes a ringing or buzzing sound, which is medically termed Tinnitus.
The exact causes of this disorder are unclear at the current moment, however, it does appear that it may stem from blood vessel constriction, a viral infection left untreated, or a genetic/acquired auto-immune condition.
Its symptoms include Vertigo, dizziness, nausea, & feelings of disorientation.
- Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo(BPPV): The inner ear contains structures called the otoliths, which contain fluid & crystals of calcium carbonate.
When an individual suffers from BPPV, these crystals can dislodge from their original position & get deposited in the inner ear, causing problems with balance & sensitivity to head motion.
This can lead to the brain receiving inaccurate information about the person’s position in space, causing dizziness, imbalance, & nausea.
Certain Vertigo might resolve within certain duration of time, while some other types of Vertigo might require proper treatment. Vertigo treatment can include Vertigo medicines, dizziness medicines, vestibular rehabilitation therapy, & home remedies. Medications for treating certain infections may also be prescribed to you, like antibiotics & antivirals.Along with that, certain symptom-relieving medications like antihistamines & anti-emetics can also be useful in helping patients feel less dizzy, motion sick, & nauseous.
A detailed list of major medicine for Vertigo & dizziness medicines that are prescribed by doctors is given below:
- Meclizine Tablet: It is an antihistamine that reduces the effect of the natural chemical histamine in our bodies, in order to relieve the patients of auto-immune related dizziness & vertigo symptoms. It treats nausea, dizziness, & vomiting, along with symptoms that affect your inner ear.
- Vertin Tablet: It is prescribed for inner ear diseases & infections like Meniere’s Disease. Vertin Tablet helps relieve the symptoms of Meniere’s Disease by reducing the amount of fluid buildup in the ear. In the process, it also helps relieve dizziness, Vertigo symptoms, nausea, & motion sickness.
- Stemetil Tablet: Stemetil tablets are one of the most popular brands of Prochlorperazine Maleate drugs available in India & abroad. It includes Buccastem, Volimin, Ametil, Prochlorperazine, Prochlorazine, Bukatel, Nausetil, Antinaus, Novamin, Acuvert, Vometil, Vergon and a few more.
It is primarily used to treat dizziness, Vertigo, Nausea, Vomiting, Severe anxiety, & motion sickness among others.
- Stugeron Forte Tablet: Stugeron Forte tablet, like meclizine tablet, belongs to a class of medicine for Vertigo called anti-histamines. These suppress the natural chemical histamine from being released, thus easing a lot of Vertigo symptoms like nausea, dizziness, motion sickness, & vomiting. It is also used in treating Meniere’s Disease.
Other medicine for Vertigo that are prescribed to patients to relieve their symptoms are:
- Dramamine(less drowsy version)
- Antinaus 50
Vertigo & dizziness treatment also includes Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy, which involves exercises & maneuvers like Epley Maneuvers, Brandt-Daroff exercises, Semont-Foster maneuvers, among others.
Treatment also includes home remedies like:
- ginkgo biloba
- ginger root